Beirut Explosion – One Year Later - Lebanon

An update from Animals Lebanon, our dedicated World Animal Day ambassador organisation in Beirut.

"On the afternoon of 4 August 2020, our life exploded.

2,750 tons of ammonium nitrate had been stored at the Beirut port, in the heart of the city, for six
years. At 6:08pm this caught fire, causing one of the largest ever non-nuclear explosions."

Read previous updates from Animals Lebanon, regarding the disaster:

Lebanon one year later

Lebanon was on its way to collapse before the explosion and is still in a devastating freefall. Nationwide protests in October 2019 brought problems into the open, but those problems had been growing long before the protests.

One year after the explosion, there has been no real investigation. Few questions answered, no truth or accountability, no one held responsible, and no justice.

Lebanon is still without a government. Six days after the explosion the Prime Minister resigned. Three Prime Ministers have been nominated, none of them able to form a government. The lack of a competent government is preventing needed reforms and blocking international support.

The World Bank says Lebanon's economic collapse is likely to rank among the world's worst financial crises since the mid-19th century.

  • In early 2020, Lebanon defaulted on foreign debt.
  • The currency has lost nearly 95% of value.
  • Minimum wage has dropped to $1 per day.
  • More than 70% of the population is now living in poverty.

Hyperinflation makes many products unaffordable, and prices continue to rise as subsidies are lifted.

Barely two hours of electricity per day is provided. The lack of electricity leaves whole cities in the dark, hospitals are forced to make difficult choices, government institutions cannot function, restaurants and supermarkets throw away spoiled food. Overworked generators can only fill part of the gap, and the cost of fuel means generator services cost more than minimum wage. Many are left in darkness and there are warnings that government electricity may soon stop completely.

Fuel shortages are affecting everyone. Without hard currency importing enough fuel to supply the needs is no longer possible. Prices have tripled as subsidies are lifted. Fuel is rationed. Lines of hundreds of cars waiting at gas stations. Frustration has turned into violent fights over fuel.

Medications are hard to find and pharmacies continue to strike or close. Subsidies have been reduced or fully lifted making many lifesaving medications unaffordable to most. Entire networks have been set up for people to help find or trade for medications, and visitors to Lebanon bring suitcases full of medications for friends and family.

Coronavirus case are on the rise again. New restrictions are being put in place, but as hospitals struggle with the economic crisis, lack of medicine, and fuel, caring for new COVID cases will be a struggle.

Lebanon has disintegrated from a collapsing state, to a collapsed state, to real fear of a failed state.

Animals Lebanon one year later

The last 12 months have been the most challenging since Animals Lebanon was started in 2008, and most of us agree that this has been the worse year on a personal basis.

Animals Lebanon was already scrambling to cope with the economic, political, and humanitarian crisis that started in late 2019.

Then coronavirus, lockdowns, and travel restrictions further complicated the situation.

Then the devastating explosion, upending our work for nearly six months, and making the situation increasingly unbearable.

Animals Lebanon must accept that we are operating in a different and unstable environment, with changing animal welfare needs, and adapt regardless of the frustration or desire to fight against it.

Early 2021, we started a strategic planning process to determine how we can best help animals in the coming years.

Our mission remains the same – to inspire the nation to understand and care about all animals.

But our strategy, annual plans, and capabilities have changed.

We lost half of our annual budget overnight as long-time donors no longer able to access funds trapped in banks and currency sharply devalues. Some of our funding is trapped in the bank and inaccessible. We expect to have a budget shortfall for the next two years, and to break even in 2023. Fundraising has shifted to international efforts. Fiscal sponsors in the US and Europe have enabled us to raise funds and have them safely held and accessible.

We are working on setting up our own facility on a donated plot of land in the mountains outside of Beirut. This was always a goal for us as it will better enable many aspects of our operations and further improve the welfare of animals in our care. Being self-sufficient with our own water source and renewable energy is more important now with the breakdown of government services, and allows us to distance the organization from other problems.

Animal welfare education program is being moved online, taking advantage of the new tools and teaching methods students have used during lockdown to provide free education in Arabic to primary students. We have an agreement with the Ministry of Education to integrate this into the new national curriculum, but with government collapse projects are at a standstill.

Community support and needs have changed. People who used to donate or help rescue animals on their own now need help to buy food for their own animals. There is an increase of requests for people leaving the country and needing assistance to take their pet. Adoptions have dropped drastically. Much of our support has shifted to trying to keep families together and to prevent people from possibly abandoning their pets. We have distributed more than 12 tons of food, provided hundreds of free vaccines, increased spay and neuter for rescued pets, and offer subsidized veterinary care, and will continue to grow these areas of help.

Zoos and the animals they keep have always been in extremely poor conditions. With the economic crisis, these endangered animals are at greater risk for malnutrition, poor care, and starvation. We want to prevent what has happened in other situations of conflict or economic crisis and send many of these animals to sanctuaries before it is too late.

Sadly, we are also planning for a worst-case scenario.

How can Animals Lebanon best help animals if Lebanon collapses fully?

If insecurity increased, if there is conflict, if basic living conditions become impossible, if we cannot find food or fuel or medication, if banking restrictions cut Lebanon off?

We are working to better develop the organizations remote capabilities, to be more flexible, take advantage of communication tools, use our reach and standing with the community, all so we can continue to make a major difference for animals in Lebanon even if everything else works against us.

Thank you

None of this would have been possible without the support of so many in Lebanon and internationally.

The explosion happened to us, damaging our office, injuring animals in our care, injuring some of our members and volunteers, destroying their homes and businesses and jobs, upending our lives, and without your support we would have been completely overwhelmed.

More than 350 volunteers joined in the efforts from the first night, with us for the next difficult weeks, and many have stayed on to continue to help animals. They gave selflessly and often at risk of harm to rescue animals.

Our members and supporters in Lebanon, who while directly affected by the explosion, did their best to provide as much help as possible.

Everyone around the world who generously donated, checked in to make sure we are OK, or just gave a good word to keep us going.

Humane Society International, International Fund for Animal Welfare, The Last Animal Foundation, Animal People Forum, LUSH, Four Paws, Sip and Purr, Royal Canin, M Nassif & Fils, IDEXX, World Animal Protection, Fondation Brigitte Bardot, Susy Utzinger Foundation, Animals Australia, Fondation 30 Millions d'Amis, Dog Trust Worldwide, Eurogroup for Animals, People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals, Stiching Dierernood, Winsome Constance Kindness, Plastik, Saradar Foundation, Kelly, Abby, Jennifer, Kate, Kevin, Harry, Kim, Ian, Kamal, Katy, Magi, Hanno, Lyn, Michel, and many others.

Thank you to everyone we were able to help, and thank you for trusting your pets with us. Your happiness, joy, relief, and appreciation was an enormous motivator for all of us.

Our most sincere thank you and appreciation to everyone who made our work following the explosion possible, and for keeping Animals Lebanon going during this incredibly challenging time.

We are facing extremely difficult years to come and hope for better times for people, animals, and Lebanon.

Make a donation to Animals Lebanon.

Find out more about Animals Lebanon.


- August 16, 2021